Mark Valentine was the former chairman of Thomson Kernaghan & Co., a securities broker-dealer located in Ontario, Canada. Valentine controlled a significant amount of C-Me-Run, Inc. (“C-Me-Run”), SoftQuad Software, Ltd. (“SoftQuad”) and JagNotes.com, Inc. (“JagNotes”) stocks. He was arrested by German authorities in 2002 relating to a massive securities fraud and money-laundering scam that has resulted in indictments against 58 people. In 2004, Valentine pleaded guilty to one count of securities fraud in violation of Title 15 of the United States Code, Section 78j(b) and 78ff before the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida, in Unites States v. Mark Valentine, et al., Criminal Indictment No. 02-80088-CR-Cohn. On May 21, 2004, a judgment in the criminal case was entered against Valentine. Valentine was sentenced to four years of probation with nine months of home detention and other special conditions of supervision and ordered to pay a $100 assessment to the court.