Frederic S. Mishkin was appointed to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System on September 5, 2006, to fill an unexpired term ending January 31, 2014. He resigned on August 31, 2008. From 1999 to 2006, Mishkin was the Alfred Lerner Professor of Banking and Financial Institutions at the Graduate School of Business, Columbia University. Before that, he was the A. Barton Hepburn Professor of Economics from 1991 to 1999 and professor at the Graduate School of Business from 1983 to 1991. He was also a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (1980–2006) and a senior fellow at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s Center for Banking Research (2003–06). From 1994 to 1997, he was executive vice president and director of research at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and an associate economist for the Federal Open Market Committee. Mishkin has been a consultant to the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Monetary Fund, as well as to numerous central banks throughout the world. He graduated with a doctorate from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1999, he received an honorary professorship from the People’s (Renmin) University of China.